SELEUCIA, name of two cities. (1) City in Gaulanitis, S.E. of Lake Ḥuleh. Seleucia was among the numerous cities and fortresses captured by Alexander Yannai during his campaign in Transjordan. With the outbreak of the war against Rome (66 C.E.), Seleucia was fortified by Josephus, who describes the area as having very strong natural defenses. Early in the revolt, however, Seleucia was induced by Agrippa II to come to terms with the Romans (Jos., Wars, 1:105; 2:574; Life, 187, 398). See Schuerer, Hist, 89f., in connection with the cities of Gadara and Abila. (2) City on the west bank of the Tigris (south of modern Baghdad), founded by Seleucus I Nicator (312–280 B.C.E.). During the Parthian period the city was inhabited mainly by Greeks and Syrians, and Pliny gives its population as 600,000 (Natural History, 6:122). Relations between the two elements were strained, and conditions were exacerbated when, in the first century C.E., a large number of Jews took refuge in Seleucia, after the defeat of the Jewish leader anilaeus (c. 35). At first the Jews joined with the Syrians but this alliance was successfully broken up by the Greek party. Subsequently there developed a common enmity toward the Jews, and in a sudden attack upon the community over 50,000 Jews were said to have been slain. The surviving Jews eventually fled to nehardea and nisibis , both beyond the Seleucid sphere of influence. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Pauly-Wissowa, 2nd series, 3 (1921), 1177f., S.V. Seleukeia (am Tigris); Neusner, Babylonia, index in every vol., S.V. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Seleucia — (griego: Σέλεύχεια) se refiere a varias ciudades del antiguo Imperio Seléucida: Seleucia del Tigris– primera capital del Imperio Seléucida; actualmente en Irak. Seleucia Pieria – Puerto de la ciudad de Antioquía. Actualmente en Turquía. Esta… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SELEUCIA — urbs Asiae multiplex. I. in Mesopotamia ad Tigrina fluv. contra Ctesiphontem, inde 3. mill pass. cognomentô magna, patriarchae Nestorianorum sedes. Mosul, teste Nigrô. Apud hauc, urpote Tigranis regiam, Amph crates Athen ensis rhetor exulans, a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Seleucia — Seleucīa (Seleukeia), mehrere von Seleukus I. Nikator gegründete Städte. – S. am Tigris in Babylonien, Haupthandelsplatz, zur Zeit seiner Blüte 600.000 E., 162 n. Chr. zerstört; Trümmer 45 km südl. von Bagdad. – S. (Pieria) in Syrien, Hafenstadt… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seleucia — Seleucia, Name mehrer asiat. Städte. Die wichtigste war S. am Tigris, von Seleucus Nikator gegründet u. mit einer griech. Städteverfassung beschenkt, wurde Haupthandelsplatz, zählte in der Blütezeit 600000 E., erhielt seine Verfassung auch unter… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Seleucia — [sə lo͞o′shē ə, sə lo͞o′shə] any of several ancient cities of SW Asia, founded by Seleucus I; esp., the chief city of the Seleucid Empire, on the Tigris …   English World dictionary

  • Seleucia — For the Syrian seaport of the same name that figures in the travels of Saint Paul, see Seleucia Pieria. Seleucia (Greek: Σελεύκεια) was one of the great cities of the world during Hellenistic and Roman times. It stood in Mesopotamia, on the west… …   Wikipedia

  • Seleucia — geographical name 1. (or Seleucia Tracheotis) ancient city SE Asia Minor in Cilicia SW of Tarsus 2. ancient city, chief city of the Seleucid Empire; ruins now in Iraq on the Tigris SSE of Baghdad 3. (or Seleucia Pieria) ancient city Asia Minor N… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Seleucia — Seleukia (Umschreibungen griechisch Seleukeia, römisch lateinisch Seleucia) bezeichnet: eine Reihe von antiken Orten und Städten, die von Griechen nach dem Zusammenbruch des Alexanderreiches im Wesentlichen im Diadochen und späteren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seleucia —    The sea port of Antioch, near the mouth of the Orontes. Paul and his companions sailed from this port on their first missionary journey (Acts 13:4). This city was built by Seleucus Nicator, the king of Syria. It is said of him that few princes …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Seleucia (disambiguation) — Seleucia was the first capital of the Seleucid Empire, and one of the great cities of antiquity standing in Mesopotamia, on the Tigris River. Seleucia may refer to: *Seleucia (Pamphylia), now at Bucakşeyhler, Antalya Province, Turkey *Seleucia… …   Wikipedia

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